C10.3.3.3 DECC Reporting


Department of Energy & Climate Change information on how the UK measure and report greenhouse gas emissions


According to the DECC, the UK uses three different approaches to report greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. the UK Government publishes figures based on each approach.

These approaches are:

  1. Emissions based on the UK greenhouse gas inventory, published by DECC – this is used as the basis for our reporting to the European Commission (EC) and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and forms the basis for reporting on progress towards our domestic and international emissions reduction targets. The inventory measures emissions on a “territorial” basis, so only includes emissions which occur within the UK’s borders.
  2. Emissions as measured by the UK Environmental Accounts, published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) – these measure GHG emissions on what is referred to as a “residents” basis, which means that the figures represent emissions caused by UK residents and industry whether in the UK or abroad, but exclude emissions within the UK which can be attributed to overseas residents and businesses.
  3. “Embedded emissions”, published by Defra – this measures emissions on a “consumption” basis, and takes account of the emissions embedded within the manufactured goods and services which the UK imports and exports.

The first two of these are prepared in accordance with an established annual timetable, and are published in the UK as National Statistics.

The third approach will also be prepared annually in future, and published as official statistics. However, at present there is no internationally agreed basis for reporting consumption emissions.


Only emissions published on a territorial basis are required for reporting internationally to the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the EU.