B4.4.3 Other Directives

You do not need to know this for the exam. It is provided as wider information.


Bathing Water Directives (76/160/EEC and 2006/7/EC) 

These aim to protect public health and the environment from faecal pollution at bathing waters.

The EC Freshwater Fish Directive (2006/44/EC) 

This Directive aims to protect those fresh water bodies identified by Member States as waters suitable for sustaining fish populations.

Shellfish Waters Directive (2006/113/EC)

In 2006, this replaced the original Shellfish Waters Directive (79/923/EC), adopted in 1979. It aims to protect or improve shellfish waters identified by Member States in order to support shellfish life and growth and thus contribute to the high quality of edible shellfish products.

Sewage Sludge (Use in Agriculture) Directive (86/278/EEC) 

This regulates sludge spreading in order to “prevent harmful effects on soil, vegetation, animals and man”.

Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC)

This concerns the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources.


Since 1950 the number of people in the world has doubled and water use has increased by six times.