B2.3.2 England and Wales Legislation

You do not need detailed knowledge of legislation for the exam.

Please note that due to the IEMA ending the course, this section is no longer being up-dated.

 

Environmental Protection Act 1990

This establishes the control of emissions into the environment.

Crop Residues (Burning) Regulations 1993 [SI No. 1366] (England & Wales)

These regulations ban the burning of crop residues on agricultural land, with some exceptions such as disease control. They also set conditions for the size and timings of burning.

Smoke Control Areas (Authorised Fuels) (England) Regulations 2001 [SI No. 3745]

As amended in 2002 [SI No. 3046], 2005 [SI No. 2895] and 2006 [SI No. 1869].

These Regulations amend Schedule 1 to the Smoke Control Areas (Authorised Fuels) (England) Regulations 2001.

Sulphur Content of Liquid Fuels (England and Wales) Regulations 2007 [SI. No 79]

These regulations limit the amount of sulphur that may be included in heavy fuel oil or gas oil.

This is how England and Wales implemented the requirements of Council Directive 1999/32/EC of 26 April 1999 relating to a reduction in the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels.

Air Quality Standards Regulations 2007 [SI No. 64]

These regulations replace the Air Quality Limit Values Regulations 2003 [SI No. 2121]. They require air quality standards to be met, setting Limit and Target Values for different pollutants.

Limit values are set for “Group A” pollutants, which include benzene, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10) and sulphur dioxide.

Target values are set for “Group B” pollutants, which include arsenic, benzo(a)pyrene, cadmium and nickel, and their compounds, within the PM10 fraction.

The regulations implement various EU Directives, including:

  • Council Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management.
  • Council Directive 1999/30/EC relating to limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air.
  • Directive 2000/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to limit values for benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air.
  • Directive 2002/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to ozone in ambient air.
  • Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air.

 

The Energy Performance of Buildings (Certificates and Inspections) (England and Wales) Regulations 2007 [SI No. 991]

These regulations include requirements for the production of energy performance certificates when buildings are constructed, sold or rented out and for the regular inspections of air-conditioning systems.

Energy Performance of Buildings (Certificates and Inspections) (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2009 [SI 1900]

Amends 2007/991 regarding disclosing energy performance certificates, advisory reports and display energy certificates.

Energy Performance of Buildings (Certificates and Inspections) (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2010 [SI 1456]

Amends 2007/991, to require sellers of residential property to arrange an energy performance certificate before it is put on the market. Anyone acting for the seller (eg an estate agent) must ensure that the property has an energy performance certificate.

The Air Quality Standards Regulations 2010 [SI No. 1001].

These regulations apply in England. They transpose the requirements of the EU Directives and also replaced the existing Air Quality Standards Regulations 2007.

The regulations cover:

  • Assessment of ambient air quality in relation to sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter, lead benzene and carbon monoxide, ozone, arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury, benzo(a)pyrene and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
    Limit values, target values, long-term objectives, information and alert thresholds and critical levels for the protection of vegetation.
    Requirements in relation to PM2.5 in addition to the limit value and target value for this pollutant.. The additional requirements in this part relate to the calculation of an average exposure indicator (AEI) for the UK, the calculation of a national exposure reduction target based on the AEI, attainment of the national exposure reduction target in the UK and compliance with a limit on the AEI for 2015.
  • Requirements for the siting of sampling points for the assessment of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter, lead, benzene and carbon dioxide.
  • A requirement for the Secretary of State to draw up air quality plans in relation to limit values and target values and short-term action plans in relation to alert thresholds. Short-term action plans may also be used in relation to limit values and target values.
  • Limit values, target values, long term objectives for ozone, information and alert thresholds and critical levels for the protection of vegetation.
  • National exposure reduction targets for PM2.5.
  • Information to be included in air quality plans.
  • The public information to be provided in relation to concentrations of pollutants.

 

 

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