B2.1 Agreements & Protocols


Pollutants may be carried many hundreds of miles by wind. For example, acid pollutants emitted by one country may be deposited as acid rain in another country. Emission and deposition is not equal. Some countries emit small quantities of pollutants yet receive large quantities of deposits. Other countries emit more pollution than is deposited in their country because of prevailing wind directions.

Air pollution is an international problem and requires global action.

The following sections look at some of the International Environmental protocols that have been agreed:

  • Earth Summit
  • The Kyoto Protocol
  • The Gothenburg Protocol
  • The Aarhus Protocol on POPs
  • The Geneva Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (the VOCs Protocol)
  • The Aarhus Protocol on Heavy Metals
  • The Montreal Protocol
  • The Sofia Protocol