A4 Index


A4.1.    Implications of Environmental Constraints on an Organisation


A4.2.    Implications of Fiscal Constraints on an Organisation


A4.3.    Implications of Societal Values and Social Constraints on an Organisation

A4.3.1             Corporate Social Responsibility

A4.3.1.1          European Policy on CSR

A4.3.1.2          Formal Guidance

A4.3.1.3          Potential Business Benefits

A4.4.    Implications of Ethical Values on an Organisation


A4.5.    Agenda 21

   A4.5.1  Local Agenda 21


A4.6.    Eco-efficiency


A4.7.    Underpinning Concepts

A4.7.1 Precautionary Principle

A4.7.2 Product Stewardship

A4.7.3 Polluter Pays Principle

A4.7.4 Best Available Techniques (BAT)

A4.7.5 Best Practical Environmental Option (BPEO)

A4.7.6 Proximity Principle

A4.7.7 Producer Responsibility

A4.7.8 Life Cycle Thinking

A4.7.9 Avoidance vs Mitigation


A4.8.    Environmental Management


A4.9.    Design


A4.10.  Effective Resource Management


A4.11.  Materials Elimination or Substitution


A4.12.  Waste Reduction

   A4.12.1            Recycling


A4.13.  Efficient use of Energy


A4.14.  Carbon Management

   A4.14.1            Carbon Footprint

   A4.14.2            The Carbon Trust Standard

   A4.14.3            The Carbon Reduction Label


A4.15.  Ecological Footprint

A15.1  Limitations of Footprinting


A4.16  Further Information