A3 Index


A3.1.    Pollution


A3.2.    Principal Sources of Pollutants

A3.2.1  Sulphur 

A3.2.2  Nitrogen

A3.2.3  Carbon

A3.2.4  Ozone

A3.2.5  Volatile Organic Compounds

A3.2.6  Particulates

A3.2.7  Metals

A3.2.8  Toxic Organic Micro-Pollutants TOMPs


A3.3.    Characteristics of Pollutants

A3.3.1  Primary & Secondary Pollutants

A3.3.2  Physical Nature of Pollutants

A3.3.3  Pathways of Pollutants

A3.3.4  Toxicity of Pollutants

A3.3.5  Persistence of Pollutants


A3.4.    Key Issues of Pollutants

A3.4.1  Adverse Effects of Pollution on Air

A3.4.2  Adverse Effects of Pollution on Land

A3.4.3  Adverse Effects of Pollution on Water

A3.4.4  Adverse Effects of Pollution on People

A3.4.5  Pollution Impact on Habitat & Species:


A3.5.    Bio-accumulation


A3.6.    Biodiversity


A3.7.    Climate Change

A3.7.1. The Greenhouse Effect

A3.7.2. Impacts of Climate Change

A3.7.2.1 NASA & IPPC Predictions

A3.7.2.2 WWF Concerns

A3.7.2.3 Action on Climate Change


A3.8     Ozone Depletion


A3.9.    Resource Depletion

A3.9.1 Resource Use

A3.9.2 European Action

A3.9.3 UK Action


A3.10.  Control of Releases

A3.10.1 Physical

A3.10.1.1 Physical Technology & Air Pollution

A3.10.1.2 Physical Technology & Water Pollution

A3.10.2 Biological Technology

A3.10.3 Chemical Technology

A3.10.4 Control at Source

A3.10.4.1 Air Pollution

A3.10.5 Control at point of effect – End of Pipe Technology

A3.10.5.1 Air Pollution

A3.10.5.2 Control of Particulate Emissions

A3.10.6 Contaminated Land Treatment Technologies

A3.10.6.1  Biological Options

A3.10.6.2  Physical Options

A3.10.6.3  Physico-chemical Options

A3.10.6.4  Thermal Options

A3.10.6.5  Containment Options

A3.11. Further Information